The people who try to claim that the Second Amendment applies only to the National Guard are wrong. They are wrong either out of ignorance of federal law and the history of the Founders’ true intend regarding our right to arms, or they are wrong out of a political motivation to advance the anti-gun/anti-liberty worldview of the authoritarian fascist left.
The National Guard and the United States Militia are two different entities. Standing federal law codifies them as such. There are two classes of the United States Militia - organized and unorganized. The Organized Militla is the National Guard. The Unorganized Militia is the people: “…ALL able-bodied males at least 17 years of age and, except as provided in section 313 of title 32, under 45 years of age…”
10 U.S. Code § 246 - Militia: composition and classes
(a) The militia of the United States consists of all able-bodied males at least 17 years of age and, except as provided in section 313 of title 32, under 45 years of age who are, or who have made a declaration of intention to become, citizens of the United States and of female citizens of the United States who are members of the National Guard.
(b) The classes of the militia are—
(1) the organized militia, which consists of the National Guard and the Naval Militia; and
(2) the unorganized militia, which consists of the members of the militia who are not members of the National Guard or the Naval Militia.
(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 14, § 311; Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(7), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1439; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, § 524(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1656; renumbered § 246, Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XII, § 1241(a)(2), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2497.)
When we consider the words of the Founders regarding their intention with regard to our unalienable right to arms, the fact that their goal was for every lawful U.S, citizen to be armed is undeniable. We also see that their intention and 10 U.S. Code § 246 are in harmony with each other. What was the true intent of the Founders? Let’s look at what they had to say:
"No free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms."
And - "The Constitution of most of our states (and of the United States) assert that all power is inherent in the people; that they may exercise it by themselves; that it is their right and duty to be at all times armed."
And - “On every occasion [of Constitutional interpretation] let us carry ourselves back to the time when the Constitution was adopted, recollect the spirit manifested in the debates, and instead of trying [to force] what meaning may be squeezed out of the text, or invented against it, [instead let us] conform to the probable one in which it was passed.”
“I ask who are the militia? They consist now of the whole people, except a few public officers.”
"The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. A well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the best and most natural defense of a free country."
And - “…the ultimate authority, wherever the derivative may be found, resides in the people alone…”
Richard Henry Lee:
“A militia when properly formed are in fact the people themselves… and include, according to the past and general usage of the states, all men capable of bearing arms… “To preserve liberty, it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms, and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them.”
“Guard with jealous attention the public liberty. Suspect everyone who approaches that jewel. Unfortunately, nothing will preserve it but downright force. Whenever you give up that force, you are ruined… The great object is that every man be armed. Everyone who is able might have a gun.”
“The Constitution shall never be construed to prevent the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own arms.”
"As civil rulers, not having their duty to the people before them, may attempt to tyrannize, and as the military forces which must be occasionally raised to defend our country, might pervert their power to the injury of their fellow citizens, the people are confirmed by the article in their right to keep and bear their private arms."
And my favorite - "Who are the militia? Are they not ourselves? …Congress have no power to disarm the militia. Their swords, and EVERY other terrible implement of the soldier, are the BIRTHRIGHT of an American… The unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or state governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, IN THE HANDS OF THE PEOPLE."
As we can see from the above, the Founders’ position on our right to arms is undeniably clear. Those who mount their pulpits and rail against the right of lawful citizens to own and use supposed “assault” weapons - rifles such as the AR-15, M1-A, AK-47, HK-91, HK-93, CETME, etc. and the normal capacity magazines that these self-loading rifles utilize try to conveniently ignore the words of Tench Coxe, who was in attendance at the Constitutional Convention of 1788-89: "Who are the militia? Are they not ourselves? …Congress have no power to disarm the militia. Their swords, and EVERY other terrible implement of the soldier, are the BIRTHRIGHT of an American…"
Mao Tse Tung said long ago what every authoritarian politician knows: “Political power springs from the barrel of a gun.” For the politicians of the fascist left - and their disciples - to attempt to deny the lawful citizens of the United States any firearm that would be useful in removing a dictatorial regime from power is nothing other than a blatant attempt to enslave the American people. That is the ultimate goal of the anti-gun bigots in the private and in the government sector: To render the people defenseless against authoritarian control.
As Obama used to love to say, “If you are not doing anything wrong, you don’t have any reason to be afraid.” That is a two way street and applies to members of the political class, too. A government that operates within the lawful constraints placed on it by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights has no reason to fear an armed citizenry. A corrupt, immoral and dictatorial regime has plenty to worry about as long as the people are armed.
Judge Andrew Nepalitano explained the Second Amendment in very plain terms: "The Second Amendment is not about our right to shoot deer. It’s about our right to shoot tyrants when they take over the government."
Amen to that.